Liliana Meza González graduated with a BA honors and master’s degree in economics from ITAM and holds a master’s degree and PhD in economics from the University of Houston. Her doctoral thesis addressed the issue of wage inequality in Mexico. She has been a consultant to the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank, and a visiting scholar at the American University and Georgetown University. Dr. Meza was a full-time research professor at the economics departments at the Anahuac University and Iberoamericana University in Mexico City, and was also the program coordinator responsible for Migration Affairs and Systemic Migrant Coordination at the latter institution.
She has published more than 30 articles and chapters in books dealing with labor and migration issues; has compiled three books on migration, water policy and technological innovation; and is the author of one book on professional salaries. She was technical secretariat of the Social Cabinet of the Presidency of the Republic; advisor to the assistant secretary for population, migration and religious affairs; director general at the National Population Council, and deputy coordinator of the Hemispheric Labor Policy for the Secretariat of Labor and Social Welfare. Her research interests are labor markets, international migration, wage inequality, social policy and economic integration. She is currently a researcher at the Department of International Affairs at the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare.
The labor status of Central American migrants is characterized by precarious work. This applies to both Guatemalans with temporary work permits who return to their country after a stay in Mexico as well as Guatemalans, Salvadorans and Hondurans living permanently in Mexico. This report is based on Mexico’s Southern Border Migration Survey (Emif Sur) 2004-2013 (Encuesta sobre Migración en la Frontera Sur de México) and the housing and population censuses from 2000 and 2010.
There is no evidence that Guatemalan immigration to Chiapas has adversely affected the working conditions of native laborers in Mexico’s southernmost state. In fact, in the case of Guatemalan women, their migration seems to have increased the earnings of local women.